Dago Schelin, a sighted filmmaker and media studies researcher at the Philipps University, comes to a similar conclusion in a case study of Marburg as a model for inclusive innovation. He and his co-authors describe it as a "smart city for the ethereum berlin hard fork timeblind", and argue that "Marburg appears to specialise in an alternative mode of smartness". Instead of revolving around digital technologies, this type of smartness is more human-oriented. It centres on supportive interactions between differently abled people, and on accessible institutions. Schelin and his co-authors suggest that Marburg might become "a reference for prospective smart cities", with accessibility perhaps becoming "one of the criteria for a city's smartness status."
Why are there so many cryptocurrencies?filecoin updateThe majority of cryptocurrencies today are derived in some form or another from Bitcoin, which uses open-source code and a censorship-resistant architecture. This means that anybody can copy and tweak the code and create their own new coin. It also means that anybody is free to join its network or transact in it.
What are some other important cryptocurrencies?Aside from the ten listed above, several other cryptocurrencies have gained importance or hold the promise to do so. Dogecoin, for instance, a meme-based joke coin reached fame when Tesla CEO Elon Musk promoted the token on social media. Other bitcoin forks also exist such as Bitcoin Gold and Bitcoin SV. Other important coins include Ripple (XRP), Solana, USD Coin, and Tezos.Why is Bitcoin still the most important cryptocurrency?Despite thousands of competitors that have sprung up, Bitcoin - the original cryptocurrency - remains the dominant player in terms of usage and economic value. Each coin is worth roughly $50,000 as of September 2021, with a market cap of nearly $1 trillion.How exactly to categorize Bitcoin is a matter of controversy. Is it a type of currency, a store of value, a payment network, or an asset class?
Fortunately, it's easier to define what Bitcoin actually is. It's software. Don't be fooled by stock images of shiny coins emblazoned with modified Thai baht symbols. Bitcoin is a purely digital phenomenon, a set of protocols and processes.It is also the most successful of hundreds of attempts to create virtual money through the use of cryptography, the science of making and breaking codes. Bitcoin has inspired hundreds of imitators, but it remains the largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization, a distinction it has held throughout its decade-plus history.Mr Kwarteng said he had spoken twice to CF Industries' chief executive and was looking at ways to ensure production would resume "as quickly as possible", including subsidies.
However, he ruled out nationalising the company, saying he was "averse" to the idea.Mr Kwarteng denied that failed energy companies would get government bailouts, saying: "I do not think it's the right thing for taxpayers' money to be injected into companies that have been badly run."However, he said the government was exploring the possibility of lending money to bigger energy firms to help them absorb the cost of taking on new customers from companies that had gone bust."If we do have this policy, they will be expected to pay back the loans," he added.
Limits on how much energy firms charge customers will stay, the government and the energy regulator have said, despite the price of wholesale gas reaching record highs.On Monday, Mr Kwarteng and energy regulator Ofgem dismissed suggestions that the cap on energy prices would be lifted, saying that keeping it was the "clear and agreed position".
Customers on some tariffs are protected from sudden hikes in wholesale gas prices through the energy price cap.This limits how much firms can charge per unit of gas.The price cap covers 15 million households across England, Wales and Scotland.Customers will still continue to receive gas or electricity even if the energy supplier goes bust. Ofgem will move your account to a new supplier, but it may take a few weeks. Your new supplier should then contact you to explain what is happening with your account
While you wait to hear from your new supplier: check your current balance and - if possible - download any bills; take a photo of your meter readingIf you pay by direct debit, there is no need to cancel it straight away, Citizens Advice says. Wait until your new account is set up before you cancel itIf you are in credit, your money is protected and you'll be paid back. If you were in debt to the old supplier, you'll still have to pay the money back to your new supplier insteadOn Monday, Mr Kwarteng dismissed fears of energy shortages, saying: "There is absolutely no question of the lights going out or people being unable to heat their homes."
However, the price cap means firms are unable to pass on higher wholesale costs, which is forcing some - mostly smaller companies - to go out of business.The boss of one small firm, Utilita, told the BBC that it was not taking on any new customers because it could not afford to buy enough extra gas to supply them.
Utilita chief executive Bill Bullen said that for every 1,000 new customers the firm attracted, it would have to take on £250,000 in additional costs per week.He said the government would end up spending billions of pounds on the crisis.
This money "would have been better spent on getting customers to reduce their energy consumption", he added.If an energy firm collapses, customers are automatically switched to a tariff provided by the new supplier. This is a tariff agreed with the regulator Ofgem, but it may well be more expensive than the deal they had with the former company which went bust.What is the energy price cap?The energy cap is the maximum price suppliers in England, Wales and Scotland can charge customers on a standard - or default - tariffOfgem sets the cap level for summer and winter based on the underlying costs to supply energyEnergy bills are already due to rise by an average of £139 a year in October, but the price cap restricts further price hikes over winter
The current price cap is £1,138 a year for standard tariffs, but will rise to £1,277 in OctoberPresentational grey line
The cost of the wholesale price surge is partly being covered by a 12% rise in the energy price cap next month - the maximum price suppliers are allowed to charge customers on a standard tariff.The energy price cap was introduced in January 2019 and is reviewed twice a year.
It applies only to standard variable or default tariffs. These types of tariff are typically the most expensive plan that a supplier offers.When fixed energy deals expire, as they generally do after one or two years, customers are likely to be put on these tariffs.
So far, four energy firms have gone to the wall, including People's Energy and Utility Point, and four more are expected to follow in the coming days.Industry sources fear there may be as few as 10 energy suppliers left by the end of the year, down from 70 in January.Opposition politicians have expressed concern, with Labour's shadow economic secretary to the Treasury, Pat McFadden, describing the problems as a crisis that "should have been foreseen".Liberal Democrat leader Ed Davey, a former energy secretary, has said it is proof that the UK government's energy policy has been "lamentable".
And speaking on BBC Two's Newsnight programme on Monday, the former Brexit Secretary, David Davis, warned there was a risk of a "cost of living crisis" for new Tory voters such as "the plumber, the bricklayer, the lorry driver".He said his advice to Chancellor Rishi Sunak would be: "You think hard about the ordinary family's take-home pay and what they have to buy with it, because that will be a dictator of how people feel going in to the new year."
Stacey Stothard followed all the advice. Aware that energy prices were rising, she shopped around to find a decent fixed deal for her gas and electricity.She saved £300 - or so she thought.
Her new energy supplier went bust and now she will be switched automatically to another one, and she is facing much higher bills, potentially amounting to hundreds of pounds more a year."It is just like watching the meter go up and up," she says. "I did the right thing - not going for the cheapest deal, but choosing a company with a decent customer service record."
Asian stocks were mixed on Tuesday as concerns persisted over Chinese property group Evergrande and its impact on the global markets.Japan's Nikkei 225 index closed 2.2% lower, but Hong Kong's Hang Seng index regained earlier losses to end up 0.5%.There are concerns that Evergrande - a major Chinese property developer - is struggling to meet interest payments on more than $300bn of debts.Regulators have warned it could affect the country's financial system.
Investors fear that this could hit big banks exposed to Evergrande and companies like it, causing contagion in global markets.The jitters among the markets also come as the global economy is still recovering from the impact of the coronavirus.
On Monday, the Dow Jones index in the US ended 1.8% lower. That followed similar falls in Europe, with Germany's Dax index losing 2.3%, and the Cac 40 in France down 1.7%.Major stock exchanges in mainland China were closed on Monday and Tuesday for the annual mid-Autumn festival.
Despite the recent falls, Japan's Nikkei is up by almost 30% compared to a year ago."The fear of an Evergrande bankruptcy appears to be leading to concern about China's very own Lehman [Brothers] moment, and a big overspill across the region," said Michael Hewson of CMC Markets.