A curated weekly summary of forward-focused crypto news that matters. This week, Ethereumwhy is ethereum classic going down hovers around US$4000 after its first deflationary day, Bitcoin's appeal as a macro asset grows, and Solana continues its epic surge, climbing up the top 10 digital asset chart.
But one interpreter who received themining ethereum calculator gpu email realised that more than 250 Afghans who worked with British forces had been copied into the email."This mistake could cost the life of interpreters, especially for those who are still in Afghanistan," they told the BBC.
"Some of the interpreters didn't notice the mistake and they replied to all the emails already and they explained their situation which is very dangerous. The email contains their profile pictures and contact details."The MoD then sent another email 30 minutes later with the title "Urgent - Arap case contact" asking the recipients to delete the previous email and warning "your email address may have been compromised".It recommended the interpreters change their email addresses.Labour shadow defence secretary John Healey said the data breach had "needlessly put lives at risk" and called on the government to urgently step up efforts to get the interpreters to the UK.After the BBC approached the Ministry of Defence, the defence secretary was angry enough to order an immediate inquiry.
It's likely this data breach was just human error, and the apology is certainly sincere, but there are obviously concerns if the email addresses, names and pictures fall into the wrong hands.While the military evacuation on the ground was rightly lauded, the failure to get all those who worked with British forces out has left hundreds stranded and in hiding.Online bitcoin marketplaces usually designate bitcoin participants as either makers or takers. When a buyer or seller places a limit order, the exchange adds it to its order book until the price is matched by another trader on the opposite end of the transaction. When the price is matched, the buyer or seller who set the limit price is referred to as a maker. A taker is a trader who places a market order that immediately gets filled.
Example of a Bitcoin ExchangeFor example, on a bitcoin exchange, three coin sellers are asking for BTC/USD 2265.75, BTC/USD 2269.55, and BTC/USD 2270.00. A trader who initiates a market order to buy bitcoins will have their order filled at the best ask price of 2265.75. If only five bitcoins are available for the best ask and 10 coins are available for 2269.55, and the trader wants to buy 10 at market price, the trader's order will be filled with 5 coins @ 2265.75 and the remaining 5 @ 2269.55.However, a trader who thinks they can get bitcoins for a better price could set a limit order for, say, 2260.10. If a seller matches their ask price with this order or sets a price below this figure, the order will get filled. All of this is done by the exchange, which takes a percentage of each transaction for their business.Bengaluru | Mumbai: Andreessen Horowitz is in talks to invest in CoinSwitch Kuber, a cryptocurrency platform for retail traders, people familiar with the matter said. If the deal goes through it will be the first bet by a16z—as the Silicon Valley venture capital firm is popularly known—in an Indian startup, sources told ET.
“The deal is likely to be completed soon and could be made official later this month,” one of the people cited above said.The capital infusion from a16z will be part of CoinSwitch Kuber’s new funding round, which will push its valuation to just under $2 billion, the sources said, making it a unicorn—startups with a valuation of $1 billion or more. Singapore-based CoinSwitch’s previous fundraise was in April when it raised $25 million from Tiger Global at a valuation of $500 million. That was the New York-based investment firm’s maiden investment in a crypto platform in India.
Crypto Tales by CoinSwitch Kuber, a new series where our host, Jatin Sapru will meet some of the experts, the gurus, the pioneers, of the Indian Cryptocurrency universe. In this episode, Jatin meets Rushindra Sinha, CEO, Global Esports, a techie, a gamer, one of the earliest cryptocurrency investors in the world, a crypto trader, crypto consultant and also a doctor. Download CoinSwitch Kuber now and join 10 million Indians on India's largest crypto-trading platform.A curated weekly summary of forward-focused crypto news that matters. This week, Bitcoin outperforms most large cap altcoins, Coinbase announces a bumper bond sale to raise new funds, and PayPal launches crypto services in the UK.Performance across the digital asset markets was mixed in the last week, with gainers led by a bullish Bitcoin (BTC). The market’s largest and oldest asset was up ~2% to end the week. Ethereum (ETH) and Cardano (ADA), the second and third largest assets in the crypto markets, fell by ~4% and ~13% respectively.The industry received a strong tailwind after Coinbase, the Nasdaq listed crypto exchange, announced that it will seek to bolster its balance sheet with a US$1.5 billion sale. Coinbase says the raise will be used for general corporate purposes such as investments in product development and the future acquisitions of other companies and technology solutions. Excess demand pushed Coinbase to increase the size of the sale to US2$billion. According to The Economic Times, over $7 billion worth of orders were placed to compete for equal quantities of 7 and 10-year bonds.
Demand for crypto trading solutions is also growing rapidly, outpacing the demand to trade legacy markets, according to mobile app data. Data from iOS and Android app-monitoring platform Apptopia reports that Coinbase Pro was the fastest-growing app in finance in the second week of September with a 319% increase in downloads. Voyager, an app that supports the trading of over 60 digital assets, saw a 234% surge in the same period. The mobile app for popular global exchange Binance was fourth on the list with a 120% increase in downloads.The growth of crypto apps outpaced the growth of personal finance apps like Albert, banking apps like Bank of America Prepaid Mobile, and stock trading apps like Etoro and Stash. It’s clear that the retail crypto market is alive and kicking.A new funnel for retail crypto users has opened in the UK with PayPal completing the rollout of its crypto service offering in the country. An announcement from PayPal on Twitter read, “We are delighted to share that all eligible customers in the UK can now buy, hold and sell #Cryptocurrencies #Bitcoin, #Ethereum, #BitcoinCash & #Litecoin from their PayPal account. Look out for it in the PayPal app.”This will mark PayPal’s first crypto service offering outside of the United States. Jose Fernandez da Ponte, PayPal’s general manager for blockchain, crypto, and digital currencies, told CNBC in an interview last month that PayPal’s crypto service has been doing “really well in the USA” and PayPal expects similar results in the UK.
The Crypto Fear and Greed index measures sentiment and emotions in crypto markets using data like price volatility, social media mentions, and momentum (moving averages). The Fear and Greed index is currently neutral. The crypto markets have had a volatile September with the price of BTC ranging from highs of ~52,600 on September 7th to lows of around ~44,200 on September 13th. Traders and investors feeling a ‘neutral’ sentiment suggests they are unsure of which direction markets will move next.Trading set-ups for the week
Pro trader Josh Olszewicz explores trading options and signals for BTC and ETH - and lays out the trading setups he's watching for the upcoming week. Start your week off right with Josh's thoughts on trading strategies on a weekly basis.Crypto news for the week ahead
September 25th-26th - Cardano SummitCardano (ADA), the third-largest asset in crypto, will host its annual conference this week. The event will be held online and in-person. Leading Cardano community members and engineers will be present physically at London, Miami, Berlin, Cape Town, Wyoming (the location of IOHK's headquarters), and New York for live events as part of the summit. There has been some buzz in the last week about Hydra, Cardano’s recently announced layer 2 scaling solution. ADA is down ~12% in the last week.September 24th - Binance officially delists COVEROn Friday crypto trading giant Binance will officially delist the COVER token of decentralized insurance protocol, Cover. Binance will end the BUSD/COVER & ETH/COVER markets, as well as suspending deposits and withdrawals of the token. The delisting is occurring because the Cover and Ruler insurance protocols which underpin the token are being shut down and the UI removed. COVER is up ~3% in the last week.Top 10 Crypto SummaryBitcoin aside, performance in the digital asset markets was generally poor in the last week. Solana (SOL) was the biggest loser in the top 10, falling by almost 14%. Last week the Solana network experienced an outage for 16 hours due to high transaction loads. The blockchain appears to have suffered a coordinated denial of service attack. The network is back to running normally however the attack has shown that the network is not antifragile.
The price of Bitcoin (BTC) ends the week hovering around the US$47,000 price level. Glassnode reported last week that miners have gone into accumulation mode and are increasing their holdings of the asset instead of selling it. This indicates that miners, a key stakeholder in the bitcoin markets, are bullish about BTC’s future price prospects.In 2021, platform blockchains have captured the imagination of crypto investors. Retail investors, traders, and venture capitalists are throwing money at projects hoping to find the new Ethereum, Cardano, or Solana. Will Fantom be the next smart contract chain to achieve escape velocity?
Fantom (FTM) is one of the leading candidates from the emerging platform blockchain pack to next attract mainstream investor interest. On January 1st, Fantom’s native token FTM was the 164th largest asset in crypto. It had a market cap of US$47 million and each token was priced at US$0.0182. Six months later, by early June, FTM was the 92nd largest asset in crypto with a market cap of ~US$869 million, with each token priced at US$0.3418. At the time of writing, FTM has climbed to be 53rd largest asset in crypto with a market cap of ~US$3.31 billion, with each token priced at ~US$1.31.Since the start of the year, the price of FTM has risen by ~7098%, while the market cap has risen by 6,942%. That represents face melting gains for a project that has established market relevance quickly in the last year and continues to grow.
A working productFantom has a working blockchain product that is live and in active use. DeFi Llama reports that the total value locked into the Fantom DeFi ecosystem is US$1.3 billion. This number is up ~108,000% in the last 5 months. The Fantom DeFi ecosystem is enjoying a period of Hockey Stick like growth with the real inflection point happening around mid-July of this year.
The most popular Dapp on Fantom is a Uniswap style AMM decentralized exchange called SpookySwap. It constitutes ~27% of Fantom’s DeFi TVL. Spookyswap also offers a bridging product that lets users move tokens over from chains such as Ethereum and the Binance Smart Chain.Popular platforms that were built on other protocols, Curve Finance and Sushiswap, are available on the Fantom network.Daily active addresses on the network have been surging since June and have gone parabolic in August. There are presently just over 10,000 new Fantom unique addresses being added to the network every day.Daily transactions on the Fantom network have also been growing rapidly. The growth of transactions and active addresses is higher than the amount of TVL. This is potentially bullish which indicates that new users of the Fantom network are active rather than passive. This should translate to higher fees generated and faster token velocity.
Worldwide Search interest for the terms ‘Fantom crypto’ and ‘FTM coin’ have surged in the last fortnight to hit new all-time highs.Other social metrics also suggest that social sentiment for Fantom is strong. Data from Crypto data provider Santiment show that sentiment for Fantom on Twitter has been almost exclusively net positive since June of this year. Active Fantom social users peaked during May of this year, this surge was likely correlated with the bull run when the price of FTM hit a new all-time high of ~US$0.917.
The price of FTM has since eclipsed these all-time highs hitting US$1.66 on September 10th. This more recent price pickup, however, has not been accompanied by a sharp rise in social activity. This suggests that other buyers outside of the normal retail crowd are pushing up the price of FTM this time around. Steady accumulation of FTM continues.Given the rise in onchain activity, it may be crypto natives and DeFi users driving this most recent price rise as opposed to speculators who are more likely to be exposed to Fantom through social networks. According to Santiment, Fantom makes about ~0.20% of crypto social mentions, while FTM makes up about ~0.14% of the crypto market capitalization. This is not a significant mismatch by crypto standards.
The technology backing FantomThe Fantom project began in 2018 and was founded by Korean developer Dr. Ahn Byung Ik. The management and development of the Fantom network is currently handled by the Fantom Foundation. The current CEO of the company is Sydney based Michael Kong.
Fantom is a programmable platform blockchain built to support Dapps. It was designed to be scalable and positions itself as a chain that can maintain fast, cheap transactions even when the network is busy. It uses a consensus algorithm called Lachesis.As well as being fast and cheap, Fantom is marketed as a more environmentally friendly alternative to Ethereum because it achieves consensus through proof-of-stake as opposed to proof-of-work, the consensus algorithm still used by Ethereum. PoS is much less processing power-intensive than proof-of-work and requires less energy to function.Using the Fantom network will be intuitive for anyone who has interacted with the Ethereum blockchain before. Fantom’s mainnet deployment, Opera, has the exact same functionality as Ethereum because it supports the Solidity programming language and is integrated with the Ethereum Virtual Machine. Applications can be built to be completely interoperable with EVM chains, while still maintaining the transaction model of Fantom. The Fantom website has an excellent guide on how to use Fantom with Metamask.Opera, an EVM compatible mainnet, was launched in December 2019. Fantom is a third-generation blockchain (as are Cardano, Solana, and Polkadot). It seeks to challenge the incumbent centralized, legacy financial network by learning from and improving the architecture used by first and second-generation blockchains such as Bitcoin and Ethereum.
Fantom differs from Cardano and Solana in that it directly builds on top of what has already been built for Ethereum.Fantom is marketed as a cheaper, more scalable version of Ethereum. It uses an Asynchronous Byzantine Fault Tolerant (aBFT) Proof-of-Stake (PoS) consensus mechanism called Lachesis. Lachesis uses a Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) model that is leaderless, unlike the Delegated Proof of Stake consensus model used on other EVM chains like the Binance Smart Chain.
The model allows for network data to be processed at different times with the network also capable of tolerating up to one-third of its participants engaging in faulty or malicious behavior without network processes being affected. Lachesis aims to balance fast transaction speed with good security.Each network node on Lachesis contains its own DAG. They each record the chronology of event blocks and respective transactions. Each node achieves consensus independently from the rest of the network. Confirmed batches of event blocks are then compiled into finalized blocks that are later confirmed by the wider Fantom network.
Nodes on the Fantom network do communicate with each other occasionally about some transaction but there is no network-wide consensus that needs to be achieved on finalized blocks or to confirm the state of the network, unlike operations on proof-of-work networks. This architecture is the reason why Fantom is able to process transactions so quickly.Fantom is a three-layer blockchain. The first layer is the Opera Core Layer, its function is to maintain consensus through the nodes. This is the DAG layer of Fantom and this is the means by which different transactions across the network can be confirmed simultaneously.